Solid state friction based strategies has the potential for locally enhancing the properties of various aluminium alloys for demanding applications within the automotive industry. The research aimed to increase the wear resistance of the aluminium alloys through impregnating various carbonaceous reinforcements such as Graphite, Graphene and CNTs through solid state friction stir processing and friction surfacing methodologies. Additionally, the novel powder metallurgy assisted friction surfacing technique is developed which facilitates the impregnation of amorphous materials on the substrate through friction surfacing.
Applying digitization techniques to FSW is expected to improve the overall quality of the process. Integrating the machine with several sensors will provide a set of values of physical parameters which could be analyzed to monitor the process in real time and control it as required.